Is CBD Syrup Legal and Safe?

Since CBD products started gaining leverage, manufacturers have found hundreds of different ways to package this cannabis-derived molecule. From tinctures to topicals, consumers have plenty of different options for using CBD, and each delivery method has its own set of unique characteristics and benefits. 

One popular product is CBD syrup, a cough syrup-reminiscent remedy that is loaded with wholesome cannabidiol. But with all the buzz surrounding CBD’s parent plant, cannabis, people are skeptical and confused about what CBD products are, whether they are legal to buy, and how safe they may be. So, is CBD syrup legal? More importantly, is it safe? We’re here to clear up the cloud of confusion surrounding CBS syrup supplements so that you can find the best CBD products for you on your journey to all-natural wellness. 

What is CBD Syrup?

is cbd syrup legal and safe

CBD syrup is pretty much what it sounds like: a cannabidiol-infused supplement that’s the consistency of cough syrup. The liquid formulation makes this type of CBD product unique, as it’s more suitable for the elderly or children who need CBD but cannot easily take pills or use other types of products. For many, CBD syrup is a comfortable dosing method, since it is measured and taken just like other popular liquid medications. When using CBD for elderly people, the syrup is a straightforward and familiar delivery method that doesn’t invite anxiety the way that tinctures or vaporizers can. 

CBD syrup comes in all sorts of flavors and potencies, and you can find a CBD product that is the right strength for you to easily adjust doses to meet your needs. CBD syrup’s liquid formulation gives manufacturers a unique opportunity to use CBD nano-molecules, or smaller versions of the CBD molecule, which increases the bioavailability of the supplement. Some CBD syrups include additives and other natural ingredients that work with the CBD to target specific symptoms. For instance, you may find CBD syrups that are made for managing pain, while other CBD syrups may be designed for nighttime use and improving sleep. 

Is CBD Syrup Legal?

is cbd syrup legal and safe

The legality of CBD products is still a bit fuzzy for most, probably because of its relation to marijuana, which is still unfortunately labeled as a schedule one drug in the United States. However, updated regulation (mainly the Hemp Farming Bill of 2018) cleared away much of this confusion by separating “hemp” from “cannabis.” Hemp and cannabis are not one and the same, and CBD products sourced from industrial hemp (which contains less than 0.3% THC by definition) can now be legally manufactured and purchased in all 50 states. 

Does CBD Syrup Have Side Effects?

is cbd syrup legal and safe

In addition to confusion surrounding CBD’s legality, consumers are concerned about the safety of these types of products. Fortunately, the potential side effects of CBD are mild and rare. According to research, the most common side effects reported are tiredness, diarrhea, and changes to appetite and weight. Most often, CBD is regarded as safe, and most sources suggest that the benefits far outweigh any risks. For many, CBD boasts an array of beneficial health effects that helps them cope with daily ailments. 

Some people have even found success swapping out their pharmaceuticals for CBD, like using CBD for pain instead of opioids. Of course, you should never stop taking medications without your doctor’s approval, and your doctor’s guidance is the key to using CBD syrup and other CBD products safely and effectively. 

How to Safely Use CBD Syrup

is cbd syrup legal and safe

If CBD syrup sounds like the cannabidiol product for you, there are a few steps you can take to better ensure your safety and the efficacy of your CBD routine. First, always make changes to your health and wellness routine with your doctor’s guidance. Your doctor will be able to help you decide if CBD is right for you and what benefits you could reap from the supplement. 

Once you and your doctor have decided to move forward with a CBD routine, you can choose your CBD syrup. If you are new to CBD, you may want to choose a low potency syrup, which will make it easier to slowly adjust your dose. When you start taking your new CBD syrup, you can start slowly. Some sources recommend doses as low as 1mg per 10 pounds of body weight, but you can work with your doctor to choose a dose that works to fit your needs. 

When you start taking your CBD syrup, start with one dose. If starting with a low dose (and not a higher dose chosen by your doctor), you could slightly increase the dose every few days, giving plenty of time in between to monitor the effects. You may want to consider keeping a journal on your CBD experiences, which will provide a great reference for you and your doctor later if the dose needs to be adjusted. 

Although it is rare, drug interactions with CBD are possible, so you should be wary of taking CBD alongside any medications without your doctor’s approval. If you experience any adverse reaction after using CBD syrup, notify your doctor before continuing with your regular CBD doses. With careful consideration, CBD syrup offers a dosing method that could be suitable for anyone who benefits from CBD and could be just the wellness supplement you’ve been looking for. 

Takeaway

CBD syrups provide a refreshing break from the landscape of tinctures and softgels, offering a therapeutic dose of CBD in a familiar and palatable format. Syrups can be especially helpful to the elderly and very young, who can be a bit choosy. When considering a CBD syrup as a part of your wellness regimen, we suggest starting off at a lower dose (about 1 mg per 10 pounds of body weight) and increasing as needed. This strategy will help you find your ideal dose without wasting product unnecessarily.

Best CBD Tinctures of 2019

At Key to Cannabis, we believe in the therapeutic power of CBD. At the same time, we also recognize that the explosive growth of CBD in health and wellness spheres has encouraged all kinds of companies to enter the market — including some that are less than reputable. How are you supposed to separate the best from, well, the rest? Through the use of different extraction methods, varying soil conditions, and certain corporate values, CBD comes in all sorts of qualities. How, then, can you be sure you’re using the best CBD tinctures, salves, gummies, and other products?.

Due to the lack of comprehensive federal regulation for CBD companies, we have made it our mission to make brand accountability a priority for this industry. We independently test all types of products from a consumer’s perspective, using a strict vetting process that brands are required to pass before we recommend them to consumers. By following these guidelines, we ensure that CBD is not only safe, but of top notch quality:

  1. Companies must use an organic starting material.
  2. They must implement safe and effective extraction methods.
  3. Carrier oils must also be safe and effective.
  4. Companies must batch test their products for potency and safety.

Using the above criteria, as well as testing every product ourselves, we have created a list of the best CBD tinctures of 2019 We’ll discuss what makes them stand out, why we support the product, and who might benefit the most from it.

What is a CBD Tincture?

best cbd tinctures of 2019

A CBD tincture is a liquid CBD concentrate that is taken orally with an under-the-tongue application. While some tinctures use an alcohol base, we recommend products that use a coconut or MCT oil base that allows for easy and quick absorption of CBD into the body.

Tinctures are applied under the tongue because it’s the quickest way for CBD to absorb into the bloodstream. Hold the liquid under the tongue for a few seconds before swallowing. While it starts getting to work within seconds, effects of CBD usually take anywhere from 15 to 60 minutes to fully kick in – and they can last anywhere from four to eight hours.

Our Favorite CBD Tinctures:

Canna Comforts CBD Iso Oil 1000mg

best cbd tinctures of 2019

Why We Love It:

We love Canna Comforts as a company for their commitment to responsible, sustainable policies throughout their business model. The strains they grow are organic and non-GMO, and loaded with medicinal benefits and cannabinoids.

When it comes to the CBD Iso Oil, we love this product for its strong, long-lasting effects. It’s suggested that you start with a half dropper-sized dose to start, or 20mg. Relief is strong for over an hour, with lingering effects for several hours to follow. It can easily be taken along with your morning orange juice or coffee to help you get your day started.

While there are other CBD isolate products on the market, we like the Iso Oil for its easy and mess-free application compared to powdered forms.

Best Used For:

As a 1,000mg tincture, this CBD Iso Oil is stronger than many products on the market, so its pain relieving and anti-inflammatory effects are very noticeable and hard-working. It’s great for many chronic conditions thanks to its strength, and patients can distribute accurate dosages with the dropper.

Because it uses a CBD isolate as well as added terpenes for more medicinal benefits, the product is completely THC-free and won’t show up on a drug test.

CBDistillery CBDrop Full Spectrum CBD Oil

best cbd tinctures of 2019

Why We Love It:

As a company, we recommend CBDistillery for their high-quality, affordable, hemp-derived CBD products. The hemp they use is grown organically outdoors according to sustainable agricultural practices. All plants are free from pesticides and herbicides and are non-GMO.

The CBDrop Full Spectrum Oil utilizes the whole-plant hemp extract, meaning it offers slightly different and arguably stronger effects than a CBD isolate product. However, CBDrops contain no more than 0.3% THC, so don’t expect any psychoactive effects. It’s also flavorless, making it easy to add to drinks or smoothies for a more tasty application.

Best Used For:

Effects are felt within 30 to 90 minutes and last around 6 hours. Effects are both calming and uplifting, offering an overall sense of mental wellness and relaxation.

Moreover, the Full Spectrum Oil helps to relieve chronic pain and soothe inflammation that topical creams cannot help with. Effects are felt all over and for several hours, and patients can re-dose throughout the day as necessary. CBD tinctures are easy to use, making this a viable option to treat chronic illnesses such as neurological disorders as well as cancer-related pain and sickness.

Joy Organics CBD Tincture 500 mg

Why We Love It:

We appreciate Joy Organics for their commitment to the diligent testing of both extracts and finished products. Everything they sell is organic, non-GMO, and made from American-grown hemp.

This 500mg CBD Tincture offers a relatively lower dose compared with other products (about 17 mg per dropper dose), but it’s perfect for some patients who only need subtle relief to keep them going throughout the day. 

Best Used For:

Effects can be expected slightly sooner than some tinctures of higher dosages, with relief felt in about 30 to 45 minutes and lasting for around eight hours.

While it’s not a turbo-strong tincture, its effects are definitely noticeable. It’s great for mild pain and inflammation, or for helping to relieve symptoms of anxiety. The CBD Tincture can be taken first thing in the morning to help get you through the day, or before bed to help ease you into a peaceful sleep.

 

 

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Weed Guide: A Visual Glossary of Cannabis Terminology

This comprehensive visual guide will help you navigate the often-confusing cannabis terminology. It is important to note that because cannabis has been illegal for so long, many of the terms have no formal ‘Websters’ definition. Many words have multiple meanings and some can be used interchangeably. Please keep in mind that while some of these words may have a slightly different meaning depending on your geographic location, I have done my best to address the common nuances of each term.


Backroll

See Inside Out


Baseball Bat

See Cone


BHO

An acronym for Butane Hash Oil (BHO) used to identify cannabis concentrates extracted with butane as the solvent. This type of cannabis concentrate can take on a variety of consistencies including shatterbuddersnap n’ pull, and sap.


Blunt

A blunt is a cannabis cigar. The term originated from the Phillies Blunt brand cigars but has since been used to refer to any inexpensive cigar or cigarillo that is hollowed-out and then re-rolled using ground cannabis or organic hemp flower. Learn how to roll a blunt.


Bong

A bong, also known as a water pipe, is a filtration device used to smoke cannabis or organic hemp flower. As the user inhales, the smoke passes through the water and bubbles up into the chamber prior to being cleared, filtering the smoke for a smooth hit. Bongs are typically comprised of at least two pieces, the larger tube (that holds the water) and a smaller bowl piece where the ground buds are loaded.  That said, there are many different types of bongs that may include multiple chambers with percolators, ice catchers, and more.


Bowl

A bowl is the part of a smoking pipe or bong that is used to hold ground cannabis for smoking.


Bud

The bud sites and associated flowers produced by the cannabis plant. Also refers to the dried, trimmed, and cured flowers familiar at the consumer level.


Cannabis

Cannabis can refer to the hemp plant itself and/or the various parts of the plant from which psychotropic drugs are prepared. Commonly (and unless otherwise specified on our blog), it refers to bud. The cannabis plant is tall with a stiff upright stem, divided serrated leaves, and glandular hairs.

Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that includes three different species, cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. These species are native to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent.  Industrial hemp is technically a subspecies of the cannabis family, but in the interest of clarity we’ll refer to it as organic hemp flower unless otherwise specified.


Carb Cap

A carb cap is a tool used to helpfully vaporize cannabis concentrates or CBD isolate at lower temperatures. The carb cap is typically dropped on top of the nail, creating a partial seal. Think of it as creating a tiny oven for optimum vaporization of concentrates.


Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD is one of over 85 active phytocannabinoids identified in cannabis. It is non-psychoactive and is considered to have a wider scope of medical applications than THC.  CBD is available in many concentrated forms, but it can also be consumed in the form of organic hemp flower, just as you would traditional cannabis buds.


Cannabinoid

Cannabinoids are a class of diverse chemical compounds found in cannabis (and in the human body — these are referred to as endocannabinoids) that act on cannabinoid receptors in the body. There are over 85 identified phytocannabinoids, the most prevalent being THC and CBD. These are the compounds responsible for the therapeutic effects associated with cannabis.


Canoe

A term used to describe a joint that burns unevenly. Typically, a portion of the cherry burns faster than the rest of the joint, creating a long run of burnt herb in the joint.  Typically, this is the result of an improperly rolled or lit joint. For more on how to avoid this annoyance, try our tips for rolling better joints.


Caregiver

Individuals allowed to assist specific, state-registered medical patients by cultivating medical cannabis on their behalf.


Cherry

The burning portion of bud in a joint or bowl that stays lit without further ignition.  Ideally, it should be round and compact to prevent canoeing or torching the bowl.


Chillum

A chillum is a straight, usually one-hitter pipe with an end-to-end channel. A chillum does not have a carb like a traditional pipe, providing a direct hit each time for maximum smoking efficiency.


Cola

A cola refers to the part of a female cannabis plant where the flowers or buds grow together tightly. This is known as the terminal bud in plant physiology.


Collective

See Dispensary


Concentrate

The separated or extracted resin obtained from cannabis; synonymous with hash.


Cone

A joint shape that flares from a small base to a larger-diameter tip.


Crutch

A device, typically made of wood pulp or glass (but easily MacGyvered from just about any paper or card stock material), that is incorporated in the joint rolling process to create a mouthpiece. Also known as a filter or tip, you can learn more about their benefits in our crutches guide.


Dab

A dose of cannabis concentrate. See dabbing.


Dabber

A tool used to collect cannabis concentrate and apply it to a heated nail, skillet, or chamber. They are typically made of titanium, stainless steel, or glass. Be mindful of materials, as using a sub-par dabber could allow heavy metals to leach into your dab — yikes!


Dabbing

The process of dropping a dose of cannabis concentrate onto a heated water pipe attachment (known as a nail) and inhaling. jAlso applies to using a more traditional pen-style vape to consume cannabis concentrates. Looking for tips to help maximize the flavor of every dab? We can help!


Dab Rig

A dab rig is a water pipe specifically designed for consuming cannabis concentrates as opposed to ground buds. The primary difference is that a dab rig generally has a male joint as opposed to the female joint usually found on a bong (male joints are ideal for most nails). Typically, a dab rig is also smaller than a traditional bong.


Dankrupt

To be out of cannabis.


Dispensary

A legal clinic, medical and/or recreational, that provides cannabis products to medical cardholders and/or recreational users.  As CBD becomes more popular, this term is also being applied to stores that sell CBD products in accordance with federal regulations.


Draw

To suck or take in air; inhale.  Also referred to as a hit.


Dry Sift

Dry sift is a form of solventless hash that involves using a series of taught silk screens of varying microns to separate the trichome head (where all the good stuff is) from the stalk and plant matter.


Filter

See Crutch


Flower

See Bud


Grinder

A grinder is a device designed to break the bud or organic hemp flower into fine, evenly ground bits. For more on grinders click here.


Hash

Hash, also referred to as hashish, is the oldest term still currently in use to refer to a cannabis product composed of separated or purified trichomes. Hash is considered to be a form of concentrated cannabis. There are many separation and extraction methods; both solvent and non-solvent based.


Hemp

Hemp refers to high-growing, industrial cannabis plant varieties, and their products. Hemp is grown primarily for its fiber, oil, and seed, but increasing attention is being paid to creating high-quality organic hemp flower strains that look, smell, taste, and smoke just like their high-THC counterparts. Hemp is low in THC, typically less than 0.3 % according to federal regulations.


Ice Water Hash

Ice water hash is a form of solventless hash that is extracted using ice and water to break the brittle trichome heads off of the plant material.


Indica

Cannabis plants of the indica variety grow short and bushy. Indica leaves are short, wide, and deeply serrated. Cannabis indica plants typically mature in 6 to 8 weeks. The effect of cannabis indica is typically described as a body high and is characterized by physical and mental relaxation, sleepiness, and often “the munchies.”


Inside Out

A European rolling technique also referred to as a backroll, in which the orientation of the rolling paper is flipped and the excess paper is torn off after completing one rotation around the rolled cannabis. To learn how to roll inside out, check our step-by-step instructions.


Joint

A rolled cannabis or hemp flower cigarette created with paper, as opposed to a tobacco, palm, or hemp leaf wrap.


Kief

Kief is a grade of dry sift that contains a mixture of trichome heads, stalks and cannabis plant matter. Kief often accumulates in grinders with chambers for that purpose, but it can also be sifted from dry cannabis or hemp buds with a mesh screen, sieve, or similar tool. Kief is an Arabic term meaning ‘pleasure or intoxication’.


Live Resin

Live resin refers BHO made from freshly harvested, flash-frozen plant material (as opposed to dried and cured buds/trim). Live resin captures the terpenes and flavonoids — and the resulting aromas and flavors — present in the living plant immediately after harvest, many of which would be lost in the curing process.


Nail

A nail is water pipe attachment for dabbing, typically made of titanium, quartz, or ceramic materials for safety at high temperatures. It is heated using either a torch or an electric coil for the purpose of dabbing cannabis concentrates.


Pearled

A term used to describe a perfectly rolled, visually appealing joint.


PHO

An acronym for Propane Hash Oil (PHO) used to identify cannabis concentrates extracted with propane as the solvent. Although others are possible, the consistency of PHO is typically budder/wax.


Pinner

A thin, straight, cigarette-shaped joint, as opposed to a cone.


Pipe

A narrow tube, typically made from glass (though metal, ceramic, wood, bone or antler, and even silicone are also common), with a bowl at one end for containing burning cannabis, the smoke from which is then drawn into the mouth through the other end of the tube.  Many pipes feature a carb, but some do not.


Pre-Roll

A pre-formed rolling paper that’s manufactured in a cone shape. This term may also apply to pre-rolled cannabis or hemp flower joints or blunts. For more on pre-rolls click here.


Resin Gland

See Trichome


Roach

The remaining end of a jointblunt or spliff after most of it has been smoked.


Rolling Paper

Rolling papers are small sheets, rolls, or leaves of paper that are sold for rolling cigarettes, joints, or spliffs either by hand or with a rolling machine. Learn more about sizes and material types to find the right paper for your rolling style.


Rosin Tech

Rosin, also referred to as rosin tech, is a solvent-free process used to extract concentrated cannabis resin from either dried flower/budor solventless hash using heat and pressure. It’s safe and easy to make at home!


Run

See Canoe


Sap

A term used to describe the soft, viscous, sticky consistency of some cannabis concentrates. This consistency is typically pliable, oily, and forgiving to work with.


Sativa

Cannabis plants of the sativa variety grow tall and lanky. Its leaves are long, narrow, and narrowly serrated. Cannabis sativa plants typically mature in 10 to 16 weeks. The effect of cannabis sativa is typically described as a cerebral high.


Scooby Snacks

A common term for bits of ground cannabis and resin that get sucked through the bottom of the bowl or end of the roll and enter the mouth when inhaling. Scooby snacks are typically the result of not using a crutch or screen.


Shatter

Refers to cannabis concentrates of a hard, smooth, glass-like consistency. As the name indicates, this type of cannabis extract breaks easily into shards and is often referred to as being ‘stable.’  That said, it’s not as forgiving as softer concentrates.


Snap N’ Pull

As the name indicates, snap n’ pull refers to concentrates with a consistency between shatter and sap (the two extremes), similar to a taffy. It can stretch or snap when pulled based on ambient temperature and amount of force used, making it exceedingly forgiving and easy to work with.


Spliff

A cannabis cigarette mixed with tobacco.


Strain

Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties, typically of sativa and indica. Varieties are developed to intensify specific characteristics of the parent plants. Strains are named for purposes of identification.  There are also strains of organic hemp flower as CBD grows in popularity.


Tips

See Crutch


Terpene

Terpenes are the aromatic compounds found in plant resins (trichomes), including those from cannabis and organic hemp flower. There are thousands of terpenes found in the plant kingdom and more than 100 found in cannabis alone. Terpenes provide the aroma and flavor of cannabis varieties and may support the action of THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids in the body.


Trichome

A trichome is a small hair or other outgrowths from the epidermis of a plant, typically unicellular and glandular. In the case of cannabis and hemp flower, the trichomes contain the beneficial phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. To learn more about trichomes in the context of cannabis, read this article.


Twax

A term coined by @WA5280 to describe applying hash or concentrates to the inside, outside, or tip of your rolls/bowls in any way shape or form. View our step-by-step guide showing how to twax your joint or blunt!


Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

THC is the primary chemical responsible for most of the psychoactive effects associated with cannabis. It is found in the trichomes or resin glands of the cannabis plant.


Vaporizer

A vaporizer is a device that heats cannabis or hemp buds and/or concentrates to 315-440°F (157-227°C), which causes the cannabinoids stored in the plant’s trichomes to evaporate into a gas without combusting any plant material. It’s a healthy alternative to smoking cannabis.


Wax

This term refers to cannabis extracts that have been whipped into a creamy, buttery consistency. The consistency is comparable to a soft wax and tends to crumble when being handled. Also referred to as budder or crumble.

BHO

What a “BHO”?

An acronym for Butane Hash Oil (BHO) used to identify cannabis concentrates extracted with butane as the solvent. This type of cannabis concentrate can take on a variety of consistencies including shatter, budder, snap n’ pull, and sap.

BHO (noun):
  1. Pronounced: /ˈbho/
  2. A potent form of cannabis concentrates, the name comes from the fact that butane is the solvent used in the extraction process.
  3. The prodcut of using a butane to concentrate cannabis.
Usage Examples

“That BHO shatter that you just got is really terpy.”

“Making BHO can be dangerous and should be left to professionals in labs”

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What are the Effects of Vaping CBD Oil? Does it Get You High?

CBD use is on the rise, with applications for everything from seizures to multiple sclerosis to depression and anxiety. While high-quality CBD oil tinctures and gel caps remain popular delivery methods for many CBD consumers, another method of consumption is on the rise: vaporizing.

If you’re a smoker of any kind, you’re probably familiar with vaping. A vaporizer uses much lower temperatures than those used when smoking to convert a liquid (oil-based) CBD extract (read our review ) into a vapor.  This vapor is readily absorbed by the vascular tissue of the lungs, making vaporized CBD more fast-acting than CBD taken orally or sublingually.

This makes it a very attractive option for many people, especially those who choose not to (or may not be able to) smoke. However, there are a few things you should know when choosing CBD vapor products. Here, we’ll discuss what to expect from your CBD vaping experience.

Will Vaping CBD Oil Get Me High?

One of the most common questions people have about CBD oil is, “Will it get me high?”  The short, simple answer to this is a resounding no.  Farm Bill-compliant CBD contains .3% or less THC, meaning it won’t get you high no matter how much you smoke. Your lungs would give out before you absorbed enough THC to feel its effects. For many medical users of CBD, this is a good thing: it means that you can use your medicine while maintaining your mental clarity.

CBD has no psychoactive effects of its own, but that doesn’t mean you won’t feel it working. One of the benefits of CBD vape oil is its fast-acting nature; since it’s absorbed by the tissue of your lungs, it goes to work quickly, so you’ll feel it working within a few puffs off your vape. It’s also completely safe: overdose is impossible.

What Effects Can I Expect to Feel from CBD Vape Oil?

If you’re unfamiliar with the effects of CBD, you may not know what to expect from your first vape session. First, know that you won’t feel hazy or out of sorts—CBD has no psychoactive effects so it won’t inhibit your ability to get work done or go about your day. You can expect to feel clear-headed, focused, and decidedly not impaired. Many describe the sensation of vaporizing CBD as a ‘wave of relief’ that can be felt throughout the body. Think about it like a natural, plant-derived and inhaled version of Advil.

There are a number of physical effects you can expect to feel when vaping CBD. First, CBD reduces pain and inflammationtreating chronic pain by providing long-lasting relief that addresses not just the symptom of pain (this is through CBD’s analgesic properties, which are similar to those of pharmaceutical painkillers, but without the impairment and risk of addiction), but also the underlying cause of that pain: inflammation.

This is important because, at their core, most diseases are rooted in inflammation, from Alzheimer’s to Crohn’s Disease to eczema, even type II diabetes.  Alleviating the underlying inflammation can help relieve symptoms in the short term while ameliorating their severity in the long term. When you vape CBD, you can expect to feel lasting pain relief.

CBD can also positively impact our emotional and mental states without producing impairment. CBD has been shown to greatly reduce feelings of anxiety and to reduce stress levels in both humans and animals. An NCBI study found that participants who were pretreated with CBD before giving a public speech experienced “significantly reduced anxiety, cognitive impairment, and discomfort in their speech performance.” Vaping CBD can help keep chronic and acute anxiety at bay, as well as lessen the frequency and severity of events like panic attacks.

CBD can induce sleep, providing relief from ailments like insomniaInsomnia is often related to stress, anxiety, or trauma, so it makes sense that the soothing power of CBD can help you fall asleep. Many CBD consumers describe a “soothing” sensation that they experience after vaporizing, which can help relax both your mind and body and induce feelings of calm, peace, and well-being. CBD can also help reduce or relieve symptoms related to PTSD.

A Quick Note About Drug Testing

Even for consumers in legal states, drug testing is a condition of employment for millions of Americans. Drug tests look for THC, but it’s reasonable to wonder if, as a cannabinoid CBD might carry some risk of producing a false positive in a drug test. The short answer is: probably not. Much of the data we have about CBD is anecdotal, and its potential impact on drug testing is no exception.

There are very few peer-reviewed studies on the subject, and the ones available paint a rather murky picture:  avoiding full-spectrum products containing traces of THC can reduce your risk of a false positive, but that may not eliminate the risk entirely.  A smattering of studies show that even isolate-based products may not be completely risk-free under certain circumstances.

If you are concerned about passing a drug test, you’ll need to consider this potential risk when deciding whether CBD is right for you. To learn more about the science of CBD in drug testing, check out our dedicated article here. We’ll separate the science from the scare tactics and help you make the decision that’s best for your situation.

Final Thoughts 

Because CBD targets inflammation, relieves pain, and quells anxiety and insomnia, its potential applications are vast and diverse. CBD can benefit people suffering from everything from epilepsy to anxiety disorders. However, its benefits are not just limited to those with chronic illnesses. CBD can also help improve wellness in healthy people by reducing the inflammation that contributes to illnesses associated with age, such as heart disease and increased risk of stroke.

If you’re looking for a high-quality, Farm Bill-compliant CBD vape oil, make sure the ingredients list is short!  CBD vape oil should contain a carrier oil, the CBD extract, and perhaps a flavor or two. That’s it. Steer clear of products containing propylene glycol or polyethylene glycol and make sure you’re getting a pure product.

We like the pre-filled CBD vape oil cartridges from Joy Organics. Made from organically-grown hemp and enhanced with a proprietary blend of terpenes, these vape oil cartridges make it easy to start vaping immediately.

What is CBD Vape Oil? Review: Where to Buy Quality CBD Vape Oil

There’s no doubt that CBD is on the rise; its applications are broad and diverse, with potential benefits for everything from chronic painand inflammation to arthritis and anxiety. A growing number of states have implemented laws permitting the medical use of marijuana-derived CBD (available by prescription only), but hemp-derived CBD is legal for possession and use nationwide under the 2018 Farm Bill, which distinguished hemp as an agricultural product separate from marijuana and fully legalized its cultivation at the federal level.

While CBD is often presented in the form of a tincture or capsule, another form is becoming increasingly popular: vaporizing. If you’re a smoker of any kind, you’re probably familiar with vaping. Often touted as a cleaner alternative to smoking, a vaporizer uses a heating element to vaporize an extract, which is then absorbed by the tissue in your lungs and into the bloodstream.

There are a lot of reasons people choose to vaporize their CBD: It’s easy to dose, makes a healthier alternative to things like cigarettes, and can be used by people with conditions like asthma who might not be able to smoke. However, there are a lot of CBD vape oils on the market, and choosing the best one can be difficult; you want to make sure you’re getting the benefits of CBD without carcinogenic additives like propylene glycol and polyethylene glycol. Here, we’ll discuss what CBD vape oil is and what to look for when choosing one for yourself.

CBD Vape Oil: What Is It Exactly?

To answer this question, we need to talk a little bit about the properties of CBD.  CBD is often extracted into a highly viscous, concentrated oil or into a pure isolate. Regardless of the form, it must be mixed with a thinning agent (also known as a carrier oil) before the CBD can be vaporized. That’s because the highly viscous raw CBD oil is too thick to perform in standard vaporizer cartridge—as is the pure CBD isolate (which looks a lot like crystallized table salt).

That brings us to the million dollar question—which thinning agent is in your cartridge? This is important because some are known to cause cancer while others prove to be extremely safe. Let us repeat—not all pre-filled CBD vape cartridges are safe!

The most commonly used thinning agents are listed below and only 2 of the 4 are safe to inhale through vaporization:

AVOID: Propylene Glycol (PG): Propylene Glycol is a commonly used chemical that’s found in a wide range of household products like paint, deodorant, cosmetics, and even food. The FDA has deemed PG safe for human consumption and topical application; however, inhaling the gas of the heated liquid is an entirely different story. Multiple studies have proven that “PG and GL [glycerol] were identified to be the main sources of toxic carbonyl compounds from e-cigarette use. Significant amounts of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were detected at reactor temperatures ≥215°C [≥419°F].” These compounds are highly toxic and can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing, throat irritation, asthma, and cancer.

AVOIDPolyethylene Glycol (PEG): Believe it or note, PEG is even worse than PG. A 2017 study found that PEG produced significantly higher levels of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde than PG!

OKAYVegetable Glycerin (VG): Pure Vegetable Glycerin is one of the safer thinning agents. In fact, the same 2017 study found that the cancer causing carbonyls produced by VG we non-detectable.

OKAY: Medium Chain Triglyceride Oil (MCT): MCT is another safe thinning agent used in vaporizer cartridges. The only potential drawback to MCT oil when compared to the other options is that is doesn’t produce as large of vapor clouds—but that has no bearing on the effects of the CBD. It just so happens that MCT oil is a common and highly effective carrier oil that’s used in CBD tinctures as well

Because of its chemical properties, CBD must be combined with a carrier oil in order to be effectively vaporized. Therefore, the vape oil ingredients list should be pretty short: CBD, a carrier oil, and possibly natural terpenes for flavoring, if you’re purchasing a flavored vape oil. Anything else is suspect, and likely indicates that you’re not getting a pure product.

Can I Vaporize My CBD Oil Tinctures?

Technically, yes, but we don’t recommend it. CBD products are formulated for specific consumption methods—tinctures should be taken orally and vape cartridges should be inhaled via vaporization. If vaporized, CBD tinctures will not burn well and the taste won’t be good.

What to Look For In CBD Vape Oil

When looking at the label on the CBD vape oil you’re considering, the first ingredient should be the carrier oil (aka thinning agent). When choosing a CBD vape oil, it’s important to look for a pure product that doesn’t contain any toxic additives like PG or PEG. In other words, the thinning agents used should either be VG or MCT oil.

The second ingredient on the label should be the CBD, which may be listed as “CBD isolate” or “hemp extract.” The term “hemp extract” is often used on full-spectrum products and simply means that the extract contains other cannabinoids and terpenes besides pure CBD. It is thought that these products may be more beneficial than CBD alone; this theory is known as the Entourage Effect and posits that the different cannabinoids within the cannabis plant work synergistically together, amplifying one another’s effects.

The only additional ingredient (maybe two, but this list ought to be short) should be extracts added for flavor or aroma, and should be naturally derived. Some manufacturers add plant extracts such as lavender to enhance the calming effects of their CBD blend, while others include terpenes (a term for the class of chemical that is responsible for cannabis’ rich, skunky aroma), which may increase the absorption of CBD as well as enhancing its flavor. Steer clear of products with a laundry list of ingredients, or whose ingredients include toxic additives.

A Quick Note About CBD & Drug Testing

If drug testing is a part of the conditions of your employment, you might be concerned about the potential of CBD to cause you to test positive for THC. This isn’t an unfounded concern — however, there isn’t exactly a cut-and-dry way to answer it.

Much of the data we have about CBD is anecdotal, and its potential impact on drug testing is no exception.  There are very few peer-reviewed studies on the subject, and the ones available paint a rather murky picture:  avoiding full-spectrum products containing traces of THC can reduce your risk of a false positive, but that may not eliminate the risk entirely.

If you are concerned about passing a drug test, you’ll need to consider this potential risk when deciding whether CBD is right for you. To learn more about the science of CBD and drug testing, check out our article for a more thorough discussion of how to minimize your risk of a false positive.

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Is CBD Oil Safe? The Health Benefits Outweigh the Risks Copy

If an organic, plant-based medicine provided more lasting relief than pharmaceuticals, most people would make the switch in a heartbeat. The biggest question is whether CBD oil is actually safe. Assuming the starting material was a quality product, CBD is completely safe and is considered to be non-toxic. Studies also concluded that daily doses of CBD (700mg) for 6 weeks did not induce any toxicity in patients. Meaning long-term daily consumption of CBD is also safe.

2001 NCBI study concluded that CBD “does not induce changes on food intake, does not induce catalepsy, does not affect physiological parameters (heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature), does not affect gastrointestinal transit and does not alter psychomotor or psychological functions.”

Basically, CBD does not have the same psychoactive properties that THC does. If you aren’t acutely familiar, THC and CBD are the two most prevalent cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, respectively.

Then why the horror stores about patients becoming ill from ingesting CBD oil? The short answer – the products were made with toxic hemp. Remember CBD is extracted from the hemp plant – if those plants were grown with toxic pesticides in soil containing heavy metals, your CBD extract will contain those same nasty chemicals and metals.

This is by far the biggest risk factor to consider when purchasing CBD – was the hemp starting material grown organically without the use of fertilizers or pesticides? If the answer is no, you are jeopardizing your health. There is no government agency that regulates CBD sales, meaning it’s up to you as a customer to do your research.

Can you overdose on CBD?

No! CBD is non-toxic, meaning no fatal overdose levels have ever been reported. Several studies have evaluated the safety of CBD in adults and concluded that it’s well tolerated across a wide range of doses – up to 1,500 mg/day – that’s a lot, way more than the average person would need!

Are there side effects?

Sure, but they are neither common nor serious.

Drowsiness: Many people describe the effect of CBD as a ‘wave of relief’ or a ‘calming sensation.’ It’s worth noting that these feelings can manifest as drowsiness in high doses.

Dry Mouth: Recently, scientists confirmed that there are in fact cannabinoid receptors in the salivary glands of humans. CBD interacts with these cannabinoid receptors and inhibits the secretion of saliva – which can cause ‘cotton mouth’.

Low Blood Pressure: Very high doses of CBD can induce a slight drop in blood pressure that is often associated with mild lightheadedness.

Lightheadedness: As described above, some consumers experience mild feelings of lightheadedness as a result of the slight drop in blood pressure.

Inhibition of Hepatic Drug Metabolism: This one sounds worse than it is. If you’ve ever heard a physician caution eating a grapefruit with certain medications, this is the same effect.

We’d also like to note that there are conflicting studies regarding CBD’s potential side effects when treating Parkinson’s disease. Several studies suggest that CBD is safe and well-tolerated by Parkinson’s patients. However, other studies concluded that high doses of CBD led to increased tremors and muscle movement in Parkinson’s patients. The moral of the story? Start slow with low dosages and increase to tolerance. You have a higher likelihood of finding relief than experiencing discomfort.

As you can see, that’s a short list of minor potential side effects  – especially when compared to modern pharmaceuticals. This is why we believe so strongly in CBD’s ability to heal people – naturally! CBD has such a wide array of therapeutic applications with an astonishingly short list of side effects. If you’re ready to give CBD a try, we recommend buying from a trusted, reputable company.

A Quick Note About CBD & Drug Testing

If drug testing is a part of the conditions of your employment, you might be concerned about the potential of CBD to cause you to test positive for THC. This isn’t an unfounded concern — however, there isn’t exactly a cut-and-dry way to answer it.

Much of the data we have about CBD is anecdotal, and its potential impact on drug testing is no exception.  There are very few peer-reviewed studies on the subject, but there appears to be a small risk of a false positive for some users. Avoiding full-spectrum products containing traces of THC can reduce your risk of a false positive, but that may not eliminate the risk entirely.

If you are concerned about passing a drug test, you should consider this potential risk when deciding whether CBD is right for you. To learn more about the science of CBD and drug testing, check out our article for a more thorough discussion of how to minimize your risk of a false positive.

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How to Make CBD Oil At Home | 3-Step Visual Guide

Skip to: “How to Make CBD Oil

If you’ve been part of the cannabis community for any length of time, especially for medical purposes, you’ve likely heard a good deal about the therapeutic effects of CBD. Also known as cannabidiol, CBD is a cannabinoid with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anxiolytic effects. It can treat chronic pain and inflammation, regulate mood and sleep, ease nausea, and treat seizures and muscle spasms, just to name a few applications.

There is an overwhelming abundance of retailers selling CBD oil on the open market, but it can be hard to determine the quality and purity of the product you’re buying. Unless you’re buying from a trusted retailer like Joy Organics (see our CBD Buyer’s Guide to learn what to look for when buying CBD), sorting out the good products from the junk can be difficult.

You can skip the guesswork by making CBD yourself, in the comfort and privacy of your own home, with no special equipment or toxic chemicals. This way, you control every step of the process, from selecting the strain to choosing the dosage concentration, to the actual extraction itself; you know exactly what you’re getting in the finished product and can modify your materials or methods according to your specific needs. It might seem complicated, but we promise you, you can do this! Here, we’ll discuss the science of cannabinoid extraction and tell you how to make CBD oil at home for yourself.

At Home CBD: You Get Back What You Put In

First, we need to talk about choosing your starting material (aka the flower or extract you’ll be infusing into the oil). This is what determines the cannabinoid content of your finished CBD oil (and therefore its effects on you). This is especially important when using the method we’ll outline below, because it’s not possible to extract only CBD without taking other cannabinoids, like THC, along for the ride. This means that if you start with a high-THC flower, you’ll end up with a high-THC oil. There is no way to separate the THC from the CBD without specialized laboratory equipment. Therefore, depending on your starting material, your finished CBD oil may or may not also contain THC; it all depends on the cannabinoid content of your starting material.

You can absolutely use THC-rich strains of cannabis for your CBD oil if you choose. THC has a number of therapeutic benefits that may work in concert with those of CBD, producing synergistic effects. If you’re going this route, we recommend an indica strain, as you’ll get the benefits of high CBD and other beneficial cannabinoid content without the “head high” associated with sativas, which can make it hard to function for some consumers. This type of CBD oil (sometimes called Rick Simpson Oil, or RSO, in this high-THC incarnation) is especially good for patients suffering from severe chronic pain and various cancers. However, it can cause drowsiness and impairment at high doses so it may not be right for everyone.

So, what do you do if you want to make CBD oil with little-to-no THC? If you’re fortunate enough to live in a state where cannabis is legal for you, you can request a high-CBD strain from your budtender at the dispensary; they’ll gladly point you in the right direction. However, if you don’t reside in a state where you can buy your flower from a trusted, licensed professional, Farm Bill-compliant hemp flower is legal for purchase, though it’s not available over the counter in most places.

This means that it is legal to order organically-grown hemp flower in all fifty states, and you can then use this hemp flower to make your CBD oil. Since hemp contains 0.3% or less THC, you won’t feel its effects, but you’ll get all the benefits from the high CBD, CBN, CBG, and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids contained in the hemp flower. You could also use raw CBD oil (meaning it has not yet been infused into a carrier oil), like uncut CO2 oil, instead of the flowers or buds as the starting material.

Whichever route you choose to go, the important thing is to choose a strain that will impart the effects you’re looking to achieve, as those effects will be the same as those created by the resulting CBD oil. We prefer to use Lifter strain from Canna Comforts (shown in image below).

If you’re able, try smoking or vaping a little beforehand to get an idea of what its effects will be like before committing. Any adverse or undesirable effects will wear off within an hour or two this way, as opposed to up to eight hours for cannabinoids ingested orally.

How to Make CBD Oil Simply: Use a Carrier Oil Solvent

The method we’ll discuss here extracts cannabinoids (referred to as CBD from here on out for simplicity’s sake) through an easy process that requires little skill and relatively little time spent standing over a pot. There is another, more complicated (and potentially dangerous) method using alcohol as a solvent, but we feel like that deserves its own article (it isn’t for everyone), so we’ll save it for another time. Here, we’ll focus on a much more accessible method with fewer safety requirements: infusing CBD into a carrier oil.

The Science of At-Home CBD Extraction

This method works because CBD is soluble with nonpolar molecules, meaning it can’t dissolve in water (a polar molecule), but can dissolve in fats (nonpolar) and alcohols (technically a polar molecule overall, but alcohol has a special ability to bond with nonpolar molecules in ways that water cannot—polarity is a spectrum, and while water is far off to one end, alcohol is close enough to the middle to, well, go both ways). This extraction method takes advantage of the lipid-solubility, or dissolvability in fats, of cannabinoids.

How to Make CBD Oil

Step 1: Choosing Your Ingredients 

Using a carrier oil as your solvent—we recommend MCT or coconut oils for increased bioavailability, but you could much more easily use olive oil, hempseed oil—heck, you could even use butter! Ultimately, it’s up to you and how you want to use the finished product. You will extract CBD into the oil using heat and then strain off the plant matter, leaving CBD-enriched oil behind. The resulting oil is much easier to work with than what the alcohol method yields, and there are fewer precautions you need to take throughout the process. To do this, you’ll need:

  • 1 oz of flower of your choosing, finely ground. We recommend using a grinder, but even chopping up the herb with a knife beforehand is better than nothing. The smaller the pieces you can get the herb into, the more efficiently the CBD will be extracted.
  • 16 oz MCT oil, coconut oil, or other oil of your choosing.
  • A double boiler or crock pot—the key to this method is keeping the heat low, slow, and uniform, allowing the mixture to cook for several hours over indirect, consistent heat without risking it getting too hot and burning all your hard work away.
  • Cheesecloth, for straining the finished oil.
  • Utensils—use glass, ceramic, or stainless steel bowls and silicone spatulas for ease, as well as to keep potentially harmful plastics out of your oil.

Step 2: Decarboxylation

Since you’ve ground the herb up finely, the next step is to decarboxylate, or decarb, the flower, which changes the CBD into its active form, thereby making it more available to the body. To clarify, the CBDA (‘A’ for acidic) found in dried flowers is in its non-active form; thus, it needs to be decarboxylated into its active form, or what we traditionally think of as CBD. This can be done on a cookie sheet in an oven at 220-225 degrees Fahrenheit for about 60 minutes for maximum conversion. After the time is up, remove the flower from the oven to cool.

Step 3: Extraction

already been vaped bud

Once you’ve decarbed the starting material, mix your carrier oil and decarbed flower into the top of a double boiler and place over a pot of simmering (not boiling!) water. Low heat on most stovetops should be sufficient to get the water bath hot enough to extract the CBD without risking scorching the oil. You can also use a crock pot as an alternative to a double boiler.

2-3 hours is sufficient time for the CBD to dissolve into the oil; though, there is no harm in going longer. You don’t need to monitor the oil too closely: checking in every half hour or to stir and monitor its color should be sufficient. When it’s a deep, earthy brownish green, you’ll know it’s ready.

After the time is up, pour the oil and flower through some cheesecloth (coffee filters will work in a pinch) to strain off the plant matter, leaving behind the CBD-rich oil. If you’re using cheesecloth, be sure to squeeze out all the oil you can from the bundle of plant matter—a potato ricer is super handy for this, but not necessary if you don’t mind using a little elbow grease. Discard the leftover starting material, it’s work here is done. You can then place the oil in a bottle or jar and store it in a cool, dry place away from the sun and other light sources.

Homemade CBD Oil: What Do I Do With It?

Congratulations, you’ve made your first batch of homemade CBD oil! The resulting oil can be used orally in the form of tinctures or made into gelatin capsules, or even added to food if the taste is unpleasant to you on its own. The oil can also be applied directly to the skin for topical pain relief, added to your favorite body care products before application, or incorporated into your diet a few drops at a time. Its uses are just as versatile as the CBD you would have bought from a retailer, only it’s custom-designed by you, for you.

In order to properly dose the CBD oil you just made, you can use our edible potency calculator here. The most important factor will be the amount of CBD contained in your starting material—any reputable supplier will be able to tell you this.

Conclusion

While there are a number of quality CBD oils available for purchase, making a high-quality CBD oil at home is attainable, affordable, and low-risk using the oil infusion method discussed above. Oil extraction uses indirect, low heat to gradually extract CBD without any harsh fumes or flammability precautions. It’s the safest and simplest way to supply yourself with homemade CBD oil.

Where to buy:

CBD From Joy Organics

or

Visit the CBD Help Guide


How to Use BHO Concentrates: Tips for Shatter, Budder, Oil, Wax & Live Resin

Have you ever tried dabbing? We highly recommend it! If you need to buy your first dab rig or dabber check out the Loto Legend for a fully electronic dab rig with the soul of a bong.

In order to get the most from this article, you should have a good grasp of what cannabis concentrates are and how they are made. To briefly summarize, there are two main categories in the concentrate world, solvent, and solventless extractions. Solvent-based extractions utilize potentially hazardous compounds like butane (all the concentrates below are butane-based), propaneCO2, and alcohol; whereas solventless extractions do not introduce foreign substances (except for water).

If you already know what’s going on and your preferences are dialed in, check out our secrets to taking the absolute best tasting dabtwaxing your jointspressing ice water hash and dry sift, or making rosin hash.

BHO has risen in popularity due to its potency, flavor, and variation in consistencies. Nearly all consistencies are possible with butane-based extractions: shatterbuddersapsugarsnap n’ pull, etc – but that does not mean one is better than the other!At the end of the day, the consistency of solvent-based cannabis concentrates varies greatly depending on a range of factors: the particular solvent used, the specific cannabis strain, growing conditions, curing environment, equipment used, purging process, and extraction technique. It is important to note that some of these factors are controllable, while others are not. QUALITY IS RELATIVE!

After copious amounts of trial and error, we’ve discovered some unique tips for how to maximize your butane hash oil (BHO) experience by choosing the right product for your needs. For instance, when dabbing outdoors, it’s easier to handle the budder consistency in a Pebble or other silicone container when loading a vaporizer, as opposed to, say, shatter.

Most of the consistencies listed below can be created with various extraction techniques, but this article will help you find the consistency of BHO that works best for how you like to consume cannabis. Despite the fact that each concentrate is referred to by its consistency, it’s important to understand that they are all the result of the same butane-based extraction technique. Most importantly, no one wants to cough up a lung when smoking or dabbing!

Pro Tip: If you’re going to bother with BHO as opposed to solventless extracts like dry sift and ice water hashlive resin is our recommendation. It’s going to have the best flavor and retain the most enjoyable aroma, making the most of the terpene profile of the cannabis it was extracted from. For tips on how to smoke dabs, click here. If you’re still learning, we recommend purchasing some essential weed accessories and a 420 travel kit in order to improve the experience.

Shatter

As the name suggests, shatter has a hard, smooth, glass-like consistency. This concentrate breaks easily into shards and is often referred to as being ‘stable’. Shatter is typically translucent (for those who place an importance on clarity) and very visually appealing. However, because shatter breaks so easily, it is arguably least forgiving to work with of all consistencies. A simple tap with your dabbermay send shards of concentrate flying across the room!

For this reason, we recommend using shatter in the comfort of your own home, as opposed to on the go, to prevent losing your stash. Many prefer to dab shatter as it can be difficult to load into certain vaporizers, but that’s not to say you can’t vaporize it.

It will be difficult to twax the exterior of a joint or blunt with the brittle concentrate; we suggest putting it inside the joint or blunt during rolling instead. When using shatter for edibles, make sure that you activate the cannabinoids via decarboxylation before combining with oil or butter.

Fun cannabis concentrate fact: shatter concentrates can be converted to budder by simply warming the concentrate on a hot plate, then whipping air into it.

Pro Tip: For easier handling, warm the tip of your dabber before sticking it into the shatter to break off a dab more easily.

  • Best suited for dabbing at home
  • Challenging consistency to handle, not recommended for beginner or outdoor use
  • Shatter shards can be mixed with flower inside joints or blunts before rolling

Budder/Wax

Wax, or budder, refers to cannabis extracts with a creamy, buttery consistency. It is also called crumble or cake batter. The consistency is comparable to soft wax and is much more forgiving to work with than shatter.

Perhaps the only downside to budder is that it is less visually appealing than some other consistencies. Budder can be vapeddabbedtwaxed (inside the joint or blunt), smoked, or used in edibles. Once again, make sure to activate the wax prior to combining with your oil or butter if you’re going to be using it for edibles.

  • Wax is more forgiving and easier to handle while on the go
  • Great consistency for vaporizer pens

Sap

Sap is a term used to describe the soft, viscous, sticky consistency of cannabis concentrates. This consistency is typically pliable, oily, and relatively easy to work with, albeit quite sticky.

We recommend storing sappy concentrates in parchment paper or a non-stick silicone container. Sap maintains the glossy visual appeal of shatter with a more forgiving consistency and is equally suited for use both at home and on the go. It can be dabbed and vaporized with ease, and because sappy extracts are pliable, they are easy to spread around your joints and blunts. Saps can also be incorporated in edibles once decarboxylation has occurred.

  • Sticky, but simple and forgiving consistency
  • Great for twaxing due to its pliability
  • Suitable for indoor and outdoor use

Snap N’ Pull

Snap n’ pull refers to concentrates with a consistency somewhere between shatter and sap (the two extremes).  If you’ve ever made hard candies or taffy at home, you might be familiar with the consistency. It can stretch or snap when pulled based on ambient temperature and amount of force used. More abrupt motions will cause the concentrate to fracture, while gentle movements will cause it to stretch.

This is one of our favorite consistencies to work with, as it is visually appealing, manageable to handle, and not quite as sticky as sap. Because snap n’ pull shares qualities of both shatter and sap, it is one of the most versatile consistencies discussed. It is the best consistency for wrapping clean, visually appealing snakes around joints or blunts when twaxing. It could even be turned into budder/wax if desired. It can be consumed inside or outside, in nearly every fashion: dabbedvaporized, smoked, or used in edibles.

  • The middle ground between shatter and sap
  • A very versatile consistency, and our personal favorite to work with
  • The perfect consistency for wrapping snakes around joints or blunts

Live Resin

The ‘sugar’ consistency of live resin is typically achieved when the starting material has some level of moisture present. This is most commonly the result of processing freshly harvested frozen plant material (as opposed to dried and cured buds/trim).

Live resin captures the aromas and flavors present in the living plant immediately after harvest, many of which would be lost in the curing process. Sugary live resin consistencies are visually appealing, easy to work with, and contain high levels of terpenes. However, due to the specialty nature of extracts derived from fresh frozen plant material, live resin is typically the most expensive form of BHO concentrate.

Note that this consistency can also be achieved using the main buds/colas of the plant as opposed to the trim – this is referred to as nug run. Both the live resin and nug run designations indicate the starting material as opposed to the extraction technique or consistency.

  • Live resin captures the unique flavors and aromas of fresh plants
  • Dabbing will deliver maximum flavor and effect
  • It can also be vaped, smoked, twaxed or used in edibles

Bonus: Propane Hash Oil (PHO)

Rising in popularity is the practice of using propane, or a mix of butane and propane, in an effort to create a less toxic and more terpene-rich extract. You will be hard pressed to find PHO in a consistency other than budder or wax; but assuming you don’t mind, PHO can be dabbed, vaporized, twaxed (inside), smoked, or used for edibles and topicals after activation.

  • An extraction technique with the potential for more flavor
  • Because the consistency is usually budder, PHO is great for vaporizer pens
  • Versatile enough for use in any consumption method

The Easiest Way to Make Shatter

We follow the High Times tried and trued method of #rosintech

Follow their step by step guide by grabbing:

  1. A hair iron, some parchment paper and weed are all you need.
  2. Set the iron to medium-low and put your weed in the parchment paper.
  3. Squeeze very hard for a few seconds.
  4. Collect the squeezed-out resin on your dabber.

Travel & Storage

Regardless of consistency, it’s important to store your BHO properly to preserve potency and terpene content. We like to use an air-tight, non-stick silicone container like the Pebble. It also ensures that your shatter doesn’t auto-budder over time. What do you keep in your 420 travel kit? Check out our 10 Essentials for Savvy Stoners here.

Did you know it’s now legal to take a vape pen on a plane? As long as you adhere to the TSA guidelines you can now bring your vape and all your favorite 420 travel kit essentials when traveling!

CBD Dabs – Isolates

Did you know you can achieve the same fast-acting results with CBD dabs?  CBD concentrates and isolates can be used in any dab rig or dabber to provide high doses of pure CBD for intensive symptom relief in minutes. Derived from organic, non-GMO, sustainably-grown hemp and batch-tested for quality, purity, and potency,  CBD isolate is exceptional and effective.


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Canna Comforts Full Spectrum CBD Oil Product Review

CBD for Sleep Disorders like Insomnia, Daytime Fatigue and More

Many people find high-quality CBD helpful in the treatment of sleep disorders like insomnia, insufficient sleep, and restless leg syndrome. Sleep disorders refer to changes in sleeping patterns or habits that negatively impact health. Sleep disorders are surprisingly common, affecting 50-70 million adults in the United States. Unfortunately, most physicians prescribe pharmaceuticals to combat sleep disorders rather than managing the disorder naturally. Medications like sleeping pills and allergy/cold medicine are habit forming, unhealthy, and induce negative side effects when taken regularly. Your body develops a psychological dependency on sedative-hypnotic drugs like Ambien and Lunesta, and they often leave you with residual feelings of grogginess in the morning, even after a full 8 hours of sleep. The good news is that natural, plant-based remedies like CBD have helped thousands get off pharmaceutical sleeping pills. In addition to making lifestyle changes that facilitate a better night’s sleep, ingesting CBD oil before bed will help provide you with a restful night’s sleep – naturally.

Imagine waking up in the morning feeling rested and awake – no more residual grogginess or impairment. In order to understand how CBD helps modulate sleep, we turn to a series of medical studies that have been conducted over the past ten years. These studies evaluated CBD’s medical efficacy in treating those who suffer from various types of sleep disorders. We will address the results below.

The interesting thing about CBD and sleep is that in small to medium doses, CBD is mildly alerting – stimulating the same receptors as caffeine. However, several patients with insomnia report that consuming CBD oil (in tincture or extract form) a few hours before bed leads to a great night’s sleep. So why do the anecdotal results contradict the reported medical studies?

For starters, research on cannabis and sleep is in its infancy and has yielded mixed results. But there is more to it than that. The root cause of many sleep disorders is actual another disease like anxiety, stress, PTSD, or chronic pain – and CBD helps manage all of these conditions. So, while CBD may not be inherently sedative, it combats the underlying condition that is the root cause of many sleep disorders.

Study Results: 

A 2016 study evaluated the effects of CBD on a 10-year-old girl with pediatric anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. “Pharmaceutical medications provided partial relief, but results were not long-lasting, and there were major side effects. A trial of CBD oil resulted in a maintained decrease in anxiety and a steady improvement in the quality and quantity of the patient’s sleep. CBD oil, an increasingly popular treatment of anxiety and sleep issues, has been documented as being an effective alternative to pharmaceutical medications. This case study provides clinical data that support the use of CBD oil as a safe treatment for reducing anxiety and improving sleep in a young girl with post-traumatic stress disorder.”

Learn more: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27768570

A 2017 peer review of the existing studies relating to cannabinoids and sleep concluded that “CBD may hold promise for REM sleep behavior disorder and [combating] excessive daytime sleepiness…”

Learn more: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11920-017-0775-9

Recommended CBD Regimen for Sleep Disorders

When formulating a CBD regimen for a specific disease or illness (like sleep disorders), it’s important to understand that high-quality CBD should be used regularly for maximum relief. It’s also helpful to understand whether another condition like anxietyPTSD or pain is actually the root cause of your sleep disorder. The recommended regimen will also vary slightly based on the type of sleeping disorder you have – i.e. those suffering from insomnia will need to consume their CBD at a different time of day than those suffering from excessive daytime fatigue.

Daily Maintenance

In order to manage sleep disorders, we recommend ingesting full spectrum CBD oil daily in the form of tinctures or gel capsules. The ingredients in the two products are the same, the only difference between the two is the form factor and dosage – pills vs. sublingual tinctures. The time at which you should ingest the CBD oil will vary based on your specific sleeping disorder. Meaning those with insomnia should ingest a few hours before bed and those with excessive daytime fatigue should consume when waking in the morning.

We suggest those suffering from anxiety start with 5-10 mg per day of CBD. If relief is not felt at this dosage, we suggest increasing by 5-10 mg until the desired effects are achieved. These ingestible products provide sustained relief for several hours – many people find they provide relief for the whole day – or night as the case may be! The one thing to keep in mind with ingestible CBD products is the delayed onset time – it can take up to 90 minutes for the full effects of the tinctures or capsules to be felt.

For more immediate results, we recommend vaporizing CBD isolate  to combat sleeping disorders. The benefit of vaporizing or dabbing CBD isolate is that the relief can be felt almost instantaneously. CBD isolate is 99% pure CBD and provides a wave of relief that can be felt throughout the whole body.

A Quick Note About CBD & Drug Testing

If drug testing is a part of the conditions of your employment, you might be concerned about the potential of CBD to cause you to test positive for THC. This isn’t an unfounded concern — however, there isn’t exactly a cut-and-dry way to answer it.

Much of the data we have about CBD is anecdotal, and its potential impact on drug testing is no exception.  There are very few peer-reviewed studies on the subject, but there appears to be a small risk of a false positive for some users. Avoiding full-spectrum products containing traces of THC can reduce your risk of a false positive, but that may not eliminate the risk entirely.

If you are concerned about passing a drug test, you should consider this potential risk when deciding whether CBD is right for you. To learn more about the science of CBD and drug testing, check out our article for a more thorough discussion of how to minimize your risk of a false positive.